Heart diseases list?
Here is a list of various heart diseases:
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): The most common type of heart disease, CAD occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked due to a buildup of plaque, leading to reduced blood flow and oxygen to the heart.
- Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction): A heart attack occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow to a part of the heart muscle, causing damage to the affected area due to lack of oxygen.
- Heart Failure: Also known as congestive heart failure, this condition occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood effectively, leading to fluid buildup in the lungs and other parts of the body.
- Arrhythmias: These are abnormal heart rhythms that can be too fast, too slow, or irregular. Examples include atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, and bradycardia.
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This is a condition where the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick, making it harder for the heart to pump blood.
- Dilated Cardiomyopathy: In this condition, the heart becomes enlarged and weakened, reducing its pumping ability.
- Valvular Heart Disease: This includes conditions where heart valves, such as the aortic or mitral valve, become damaged, leading to improper blood flow within the heart.
- Congenital Heart Defects: These are structural abnormalities in the heart that are present at birth, affecting the heart’s function and blood flow.
- Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): PAD occurs when there is a buildup of plaque in the arteries outside the heart, usually in the legs, causing reduced blood flow and potential complications.
- Rheumatic Heart Disease: This is a complication of untreated streptococcal infection (such as strep throat) that can damage heart valves and other heart tissues.
- Cardiac Arrest: While not a disease itself, cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of heart function that can result from various heart conditions. It requires immediate medical attention.
- Aortic Aneurysm: This is a bulging or weakening of the aorta, the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. It can be life-threatening if the aneurysm ruptures.
- Pericarditis: This is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac that surrounds the heart, leading to chest pain and discomfort.
- Endocarditis: This is an infection of the inner lining of the heart chambers and valves, often caused by bacteria entering the bloodstream.
- Pulmonary Hypertension: This is high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs, which can strain the heart’s right ventricle.
- Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP): This is a condition where the valve between the heart’s left upper chamber (left atrium) and left lower chamber (left ventricle) doesn’t close properly, leading to backward flow of blood.
- Angina: Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. It is often a symptom of coronary artery disease.
- Atrial Fibrillation (AFib): AFib is an irregular and often rapid heart rate that can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure, and other complications.
- Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD): This is a congenital heart defect where there is an abnormal opening in the wall that separates the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles), allowing blood to flow between them.
- Pulmonary Valve Stenosis: This is a narrowing of the pulmonary valve, which controls blood flow from the heart to the lungs. It can lead to reduced blood flow to the lungs.
- Tachycardia: Tachycardia refers to a heart rate that is faster than normal, often exceeding 100 beats per minute.
- Bradyarrhythmia: This refers to a slow heart rate, typically below 60 beats per minute. It can result from conditions such as bradycardia and heart block.
- Cardiomyopathy: Cardiomyopathy is a general term for diseases that affect the heart muscle, leading to enlargement, thickening, or weakening of the heart.
- Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS): ACS includes conditions such as unstable angina and heart attack, where there is a sudden reduction of blood flow to the heart.
- Long QT Syndrome: Long QT syndrome is a disorder of the heart’s electrical system that can lead to dangerous arrhythmias and fainting spells.
- Ischemic Heart Disease: This term encompasses conditions where blood supply to the heart muscle is reduced due to coronary artery disease or other factors.
- Secondary Hypertension: Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure that is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as kidney disease or hormonal disorders.
- Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD): ARVD is a rare genetic disorder that primarily affects the heart’s right ventricle, leading to arrhythmias and potential heart failure.
- Infective Endocarditis: This is an infection of the heart’s inner lining (endocardium) or the heart valves, usually caused by bacteria entering the bloodstream.
- Hypertensive Heart Disease: This refers to heart conditions that develop due to high blood pressure over time, leading to heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, and other issues.