What is hypertension or high blood pressure?


What is hypertension or high blood pressure?

Imagine your body as a finely tuned machine with pipes called blood vessels that carry blood all around. Now, your heart is like a pump that pushes blood through these pipes to deliver oxygen and nutrients to all parts of your body.

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is like having too much force against the walls of these blood vessels. It’s a bit like when water flows through a hose with too much pressure, and the hose might start to get stretched or even burst.

When you have hypertension, your heart has to work harder to push blood through those vessels because they’ve become narrow or stiff. This can happen due to various reasons, like having too much salt in your diet, not being active enough, or even because of your genes.

Having high blood pressure might not show immediate signs, which is why they call it a “silent” condition. But over time, if it’s not controlled, it can strain your heart, damage your blood vessels, and even lead to serious problems like heart attacks, strokes, or kidney issues.

To keep things running smoothly, it’s important to keep an eye on your blood pressure. Doctors measure it using two numbers, like 120/80 mm Hg. The first number is the pressure when your heart beats (systolic), and the second number is when it rests between beats (diastolic). If those numbers go higher than the normal range, steps like eating healthier, exercising, and sometimes taking medications can help keep your blood pressure in check, just like adjusting the pressure in a hose to keep it from bursting.




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